Implants are the titanium screws which are fitted on the jaw bone in place of missing teeth to replace an artificial cap on it.
The Advantage of Implants as compared to removable denture is that the removable loose denture can be fitted on the jaw bone & made fixed.
The Advantage of Implants as compared to fixed Bridges is that unlike fixed Bridges, we do not have to do cutting of healthy adjacent 2 teeth and we can directly fix the screw on the jaw bone in place of missing tooth gap & fix a cap & fill the missing tooth space.
First the patients Dental Digital OPG (full mouth x-ray) is taken, the height and width of the jawbone are measured and accordingly the type of Implant (screw) to be used is selected.
Then a small hole is drilled on the gums & the jaw bone in place of missing tooth. The Implant is then put into that hole such as it is snuggly fitting.
The Implant is inserted to that height that the head of it, is up to the Gum level. This is left inside for approx 3 months to allow bone to grow around the implant and thus complete fixture of implant inside.
After 3 months, an abutment is put on top & the Ceramic (porcelain) cap is fit onto it.
This can now be used as good as a natural tooth.
1) Medically compromised patients for any surgery.
2) Blood sugar (Diabetes) too high or too low.
3) Chronic Tobacco chewer & chronic smoker.
4) Any other oral condition not suitable for any surgical procedures.
5) Insufficient space available for placement of artificial cap.
6) Improper Occlusion (Biting Position).
Its comparatively a new and expensive modality of treatment as compared to Removable Dentures & Fixed Crowns & Bridges. Cost at different implant clinics varies from Rs 25000 to Rs75000 per implant depending on the type of implant systems used, the surgeon’s technique ,skills ,the type of final materials and fixtures used for the treatment.